Anorexia Eating Disorder
What is anorexia eating disorder?
Anorexia is a life-threatening disorder if left untreated. Eating disorders should not be ignored. The basis of anorexia eating disorder, which begins with the restriction of food intake is psichological. It is basically a self-dislike and excessive fear of gaining weight. As energy intake is restricted, the body becomes weaker and weaker. The disease can be seen in men and women of all ages. However, it is more common in adolescent girls. No matter how much weight an anorexic person loses, still feels fat and ugly.
What causes anorexia?
Anorexia eating disorder, the exact cause of which is not yet known, is a combination of biological, environmental and psychological factors.
- Although there is no completed study on its biological cause, genetic predisposition is known to be effective. People with a family history of anorexia are at higher risk.
- Malnutrition behaviors in childhood can be counted as psychological causes of anorexia eating disorder. It is mostly seen in depressed, introverted, extremely obedient, obsessive-compulsive people. In addition, women who have experienced sexual violence and people with weak family bonds are more prone.
- Fashion trends are at the forefront among environmental factors of anorexia. The constant glorification of weakness in the media negatively affects adolescents in particular. They turn to unhealthy diets and illegal treatments for the love of thinness. Models, ballerinas, ballet dancers and jockeys who are exposed to high expectations in a highly competitive environment are at risk.
What are the symptoms of anorexia eating disorder?
- Sleep problems
- Vomiting after eating
- Increase in hairiness
- Menstrual disruptions
- Significant weight loss
- Not eating or eating less
- Depressed and anxious mood
- Unhealthy skin and hair due to malnutrition
- Tooth decay due to stomach acid caused by continuous vomiting.
Both physical and psychological examination are required for the diagnosis of anorexia eating disorder. Vital data such as height, weight, pulse, blood pressure, body temperature are taken first. Then liver, kidney and thyroid tests are done to detect body values and missing minerals. Psychologist or psychiatrist examination is the last step to determine the mental state.
Anorexia eating disorder does not go away on its own or with home treatment. The patient's efforts to improve are insufficient in treatment. The first goal is to return to a healthy weight. It is necessary to learn to eat healthy and to acquire the right eating habits. Expert dietitians as well as psychologists take part in the treatment. The biggest challenge is that he thinks he doesn't need treatment and doesn't want it. Therefore, psychological treatment is given priority.
After the treatment is completed, anorexia eating disorder may recur when intense pressure or stress is experienced. In such a case, immediately contact your doctor and start treatment again.